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Microsoft Updated AZ-400 Exam Blueprint, Syllabus and Topics

Microsoft Azure DevOps Solutions

Last Update May 18, 2024
Total Questions : 459

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Microsoft AZ-400 Exam Overview :

Exam Name Microsoft Azure DevOps Solutions
Exam Code AZ-400
Actual Exam Duration 150 minutes
Expected no. of Questions in Actual Exam 60
Exam Registration Price $165
Official Information https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/learning/exam-az-400.aspx
See Expected Questions Microsoft AZ-400 Expected Questions in Actual Exam
Take Self-Assessment Use Microsoft AZ-400 Practice Test to Assess your preparation - Save Time and Reduce Chances of Failure

Microsoft AZ-400 Exam Topics :

Section Weight Objectives
Develop an Instrumentation Strategy 5-10% - Design and implement logging
  • assess and Configure a log framework
  • design a log aggregation and storage strategy (e.g. Azure storage)
  • design a log aggregation and query strategy using Azure Monitor
  • manage access control to logs (workspace-centric/resource-centric)
  • integrate crash analytics (App Center Crashes, Crashlytics)
- Design and implement telemetry
  • design and implement distributed tracing
  • inspect application performance indicators
  • inspect infrastructure performance indicators
  • define and measure key metrics (CPU, memory, disk, network)
  • implement alerts on key metrics (email, SMS, webhooks, Teams/Slack)
  • integrate user analytics (e.g. Application Insights funnels, Visual Studio App Center, TestFlight, Google Analytics)
- Integrate logging and monitoring solutions
  • configure and integrate container monitoring (Azure Monitor, Prometheus, etc.)
  • configure and integrate with monitoring tools (Azure Monitor Application Insights, Dynatrace, New Relic, Naggios, Zabbix)
  • create feedback loop from platform monitoring tools (e.g. Azure Diagnostics extension, Log Analytics agent, Azure Platform Logs, Event Grid)
  • manage Access control to the monitoring platform
Develop a Site Reliability Engineering (SRE) strategy 5-10% - Develop an actionable alerting strategy
  • identify and recommend metrics on which to base alerts
  • implement alerts using appropriate metrics
  • implement alerts based on appropriate log messages
  • implement alerts based on application health checks
  • analyze combinations of metrics
  • develop communication mechanism to notify users of degraded systems
  • implement alerts for self-healing activities (e.g. scaling, failovers)
- Design a failure prediction strategy
  • analyze behavior of system with regards to load and failure conditions
  • calculate when a system will fail under various conditions
  • measure baseline metrics for system
  • Leverage Application Insights Smart Detection and Dynamic thresholds in Azure Monitor
- Design and implement a health check
  • analyze system dependencies to determine which dependency should be included in health check
  • calculate healthy response timeouts based on SLO for the service
  • design approach for partial health situations
  • design approach for piecemeal recovery (e.g. to improve recovery time objective strategies)
  • integrate health check with compute environment
  • implement different types of health checks (container liveness, startup, shutdown)
Develop a security and compliance plan 10-15% - Design an authentication and authorization strategy
  • design an access solution (Azure AD Privileged Identity Management (PIM), Azure AD Conditional Access, MFA, Azure AD B2B, etc.)
  • implement Service Principals and Managed Identity
  • configure service connections
- Design a sensitive information management strategy
  • evaluate and configure vault solution (Azure Key Vault, Hashicorp Vault)
  • manage security certificates
  • design a secrets storage and retrieval strategy (KeyVault secrets, GitHub secrets, Azure Pipelines secrets)
  • formulate a plan for deploying secret files as part of a release
- Develop security and compliance
  • automate dependencies scanning for security (container scanning, OWASP)
  • automate dependencies scanning for compliance (licenses: MIT, GPL)
  • assess and report risks
  • design a source code compliance solution (e.g. GitHub Code scanning, GitHub Secret scanning, pipeline-based scans, Git hooks, SonarQube, Dependabot, etc.)

- Design governance enforcement mechanisms

  • implement Azure policies to enforce organizational requirements
  • implement container scanning (e.g. static scanning, malware, crypto mining)
  • design and implement Azure Container Registry Tasks
  • design break-the-glass strategy for responding to security incidents
Manage source control 10-15% - Develop a modern source control strategy
  • integrate/migrate disparate source control systems (e.g. GitHub, Azure Repos)
  • design authentication strategies
  • design approach for managing large binary files (e.g. Git LFS)
  • design approach for cross repository sharing (e.g. Git sub-modules, packages)
  • implement workflow hooks
  • design approach for efficient code reviews (e.g. GitHub code review assignments, schedule reminders, Pull Analytics)

- Plan and implement branching strategies for the source code

  • define Pull Requests (PR) guidelines to enforce work item correlation
  • implement branch merging restrictions (e.g. branch policies, branch protections, manual, etc.)
  • define branch strategy (e.g. trunk based, feature branch, release branch, GitHub flow)
  • design and implement a PR workflow (code reviews, approvals)
  • enforce static code analysis for code-quality consistency on PR
- Configure repositories
  • configure permissions in the source control repository
  • organize the repository with git-tags
  • plan for handling oversized repositories
  • plan for content recovery in all repository states
  • purge data from source control

- Integrate source control with tools

  • integrate GitHub with DevOps pipelines
  • integrate GitHub with identity management solutions (Azure AD)
  • design for GitOps
  • design for ChatOps
  • integrate source control artifacts for human consumption (e.g. Git changelog)
  • integrate GitHub Codespaces
Facilitate communication and collaboration 10-15% - Communicate deployment and release information with business stakeholders
  • create dashboards combining boards, pipelines (custom dashboards on Azure DevOps)
  • design a cost management communication strategy
  • integrate release pipeline with work item tracking (e.g. AZ DevOps, Jira)
  • integrate GitHub as repository with Azure Boards
  • communicate user analytics

- Generate DevOps process documentation

  • design onboarding process for new employees
  • assess and document external dependencies (e.g. integrations, packages)
  • assess and document artifacts (version, release notes)

- Automate communication with team members

  • integrate monitoring tools with communication platforms (e.g. Teams, Slack, dashboards)
  • notify stakeholders about key metrics, alerts, severity using communication and project management platforms (e.g. Email, SMS, Slack, Teams, ServiceNow, etc.)
  • integrate build and release with communication platforms (e.g. build fails, release fails)
  • integrate GitHub pull request approvals via mobile apps
Define and implement continuous integration 20-25% - Design build automation
  • integrate the build pipeline with external tools (e.g., Dependency and security scanning, Code coverage)
  • implement quality gates (e.g. code coverage, internationalization, peer review)
  • design a testing strategy (e.g. integration, load, fuzz, API, chaos)
  • integrate multiple tools (e.g. GitHub Actions, Azure Pipeline, Jenkins)

- Design a package management strategy

  • recommend package management tools (e.g. GitHub Packages, Azure Artifacts, Azure Automation Runbooks Gallery, Nuget, Jfrog, Artifactory)
  • design an Azure Artifacts implementation including linked feeds
  • design versioning strategy for code assets (e.g. SemVer, date based)
  • plan for assessing and updating and reporting package dependencies (GitHub Automated Security Updates, NuKeeper, GreenKeeper)
  • design a versioning strategy for packages (e.g. SemVer, date based)
  • design a versioning strategy for deployment artifacts
- Design an application infrastructure management strategy
  • assess a configuration management mechanism for application infrastructure
  • define and enforce desired state configuration for environments

- Implement a build strategy

  • design and implement build agent infrastructure (include cost, tool selection, licenses, maintainability)
  • develop and implement build trigger rules
  • develop build pipelines
  • design build orchestration (products that are composed of multiple builds)
  • integrate configuration into build process
  • develop complex build scenarios (e.g. containerized agents, hybrid, GPU)

- Maintain build strategy

  • monitor pipeline health (failure rate, duration, flaky tests)
  • optimize build (cost, time, performance, reliability)
  • analyze CI load to determine build agent configuration and capacity

- Design a process for standardizing builds across organization

  • manage self-hosted build agents (VM templates, containerization, etc.)
  • create reuseable build subsystems (YAML templates, Task Groups, Variable Groups, etc.)
Define and implement a continuous delivery and release management strategy 10-15% - Develop deployment scripts and templates
  • recommend a deployment solution (e.g. GitHub Actions, Azure Pipelines, Jenkins, CircleCI, etc.)
  • design and implement Infrastructure as code (ARM, Terraform, PowerShell, CLI)
  • develop application deployment process (container, binary, scripts)
  • develop database deployment process (migrations, data movement, ETL)
  • integrate configuration management as part of the release process
  • develop complex deployments (IoT, Azure IoT Edge, mobile, App Center, DR, multi-region, CDN, sovereign cloud, Azure Stack, etc.)
- Implement an orchestration automation solution
  • combine release targets depending on release deliverable (e.g., Infrastructure, code, assets, etc.)
  • design the release pipeline to ensure reliable order of dependency deployments
  • organize shared release configurations and process (YAML templates, variable groups, Azure App Configuration)
  • design and implement release gates and approval processes
- Plan the deployment environment strategy
  • design a release strategy (blue/green, canary, ring)
  • implement the release strategy (using deployment slots, load balancer configurations, Azure Traffic Manager, feature toggle, etc.)
  • select the appropriate desired state solution for a deployment environment (PowerShell DSC, Chef, Puppet, etc.)
  • plan for minimizing downtime during deployments (VIP Swap, Load balancer, rolling deployments, etc.)
  • design a hotfix path plan for responding to high priority code fixes

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